Long Pepper or Piper Longum benefits, Stress, Sleep
Pippali is one of the most widely used Ayurvedic herb. The botanical name is Piper longum and it belongs to the family Piperaceae. In english it is called Longa Pepper, in Hindi Pippali. It is primarily made up of volatile oil, resin, piperine, piperlongumine, pipperin, Pippalartin, Piplartine.
The fruit of this Long Pepper plant is commonly known as Pippali and its root is called as Pippali Mool. In addition to being something that helps people's stress and sleep conditions, Piper Longum reconciles the digestive functions and relieves the problems related to, dyspepsia, anorexia, abdominal pain, flatulence, acidity etc. It is also useful as a brain tonic.
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Piperine is a substance found in the plant Piper Longun. Black pepper Oleoresin or Long pepper Oleoresin is used as the source of Piperine.
Researchers proved that piperine may be serve as a potential functional food to improve brain function. Ref. Food and Chemical Toxicology, volume 46, Issue 9, Sept. 2008. Pages 3106-3110
Researchers proved that piperine possesses potent anti-depressant like properties that are mediated in part through the inhibition of MAO activity and therefore, represent a promising pharmacotherapeutic candidate as anti-depressant agent. Ref. Chemical and pharmaceutical Bulletin vol 53 (2005), No7832.
Piper longum is widely used in Ayurvedic and Unani System of Medicine particularly for diseases of respiratory systems like bronchitis, ashtama, stress relief, sleep disruptions etc.
Piperine increases thermogenesis. It also improves the bioavailability of the nutritive substances such as beta carotene, curcumin selenium, pyroxidine (B6), glucose and amino acids.
Piperine relieves inflammation, pain and asthma improves digestion and improves production of Serotonin a phenolic amine neurotransmitter, is a powerful vasoconstrictor and is found esp. in the brain, blood serum and gastric mucous membrane of mammals and to known as also 5-HT. 5 – hydroxytryamine.
In Mexico for instance, it is used to treat stomach aches.Scientific research has yielded preliminary evidence which suggests that piperine may aid in the digestion of food.
Systemic pharmacological studies on piperine show that this compound elicited diverse pharmacological activities, analgesic, ant-pyretic, anti-inflammatory, anti-convulsant and CNS depressant activities.
As per Ayurveda, piper longum is an important Medhya-Rasayana. It also helps to improve memory power.
Dehydropiperoneive, isolated from dried fruits, displayed coronary vasodilating activity. Ref. (Shivarajan VV and Indra Balachandran, Ayurvedic Drugs and their plant sources, 1994, 374, Shoj N, et al 1986, Dehydropiperonaline isolated fron Piper longum, Jour Pharm Sci ,75 (12) 1188-1189; Dhar KL, Recent Advances in Chemistry of Piper,cf Research and Dev of Indi Drugs ,1989, 81; Satyavati GV , et al, Medicinal Plants of India Vol II ,1987,434;Gopalan,et al nutritive value of Indian foods 1984,85)
Piperine, an active alkaloidal constituent of the extract from Piper longum, was evaluated for its antihepatotoxic potential. The plant principle exerted significant protection against tert. Butylhydroperoxide and carbon tetrachloride hepatotoxicity, thought it showed a lower potency than silymarin (Koul B and Kapila, 1993, Planta Medica, v59(5), 413-417.
Studies at Regional Research Lab CSIR Jammu, have established that it is piperine that affects the bioavailability of drugs. The doses of many potent drugs can be drastically reduced when mixed with piperamides (Dhar KL, 1989, Recent advances in the chemistry of Piper)
A marked anti-inflammatory activity of piper longum fruit decoction against carrageenin induced rat paw odema was reported by Sharma and Singh, 1980. (Bull Med Ethnobot Res, 2, 262).
Trikatu is a combination of Piper longum, Piper nigrum and Zingiber officinale which enhances the drug bioavailability. Individually, Piper longum and Piper nigrum were found to be almost equally effective. Ref. (Satyavati GV et. al, Medicinal Plants of India, Vol II, 1987, 443)
Piper longum given to women after parturition to check haemorrhage and to ward off fever. Its infusion is considered stimulant, carminative, diuretic, vermifuge and emmenagogue. (Nadkarni KM, IMM, 965-8). Also used as cholagogue in obstruction of the bile duct and gall bladder. Possesses analgesic properties. (Asima Chatterjee, The treatise on Indian Medicinal Plants, Vol l , 1991,28). Ref: Indian Herbal Therapies By C.P. Khare; Bhavprakash Nighantu; Glossary of Phytochemicals Edited by Amritpal Singh Saroya; Charak Samhita Sutrasthan 2,25,27,29
Products that have Long pepper along with Nutmeg and Ashwagandha are known to help relieve stress and help people with sleep problems. A boon to insomniacs. As a combination these products provide a synergistic effect.
By Satya Narayana
Dr. Satya Narayana is the moderator and editor of this article originally written by Dr. Veena Deo, an Ayurvedic Doctor in India. All the information provided above and opinions expressed above should not be construed as medical advice. This information is provided for educational purposes only. Any statements made above have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. Any products discussed above are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure or prevent any disease. To consult Dr. Satya Narayana, please send an email to email@example.com